Early modern artists and thinkers were fond of the Latin phrase, ut pictura poesis, which means, “as in painting, so in poetry.” Ben Jonson for example argued that “poetry and picture are arts of a like nature, and both are busy about imitation.” The objective here will be to test the validity of such claims with reference to early modern visual art and literature. Are poets and painters engaged in the same field of representation? Do they adopt parallel strategies of representation? Do they interpret and organize social energies in similar ways?