In this class, we will examine the European modern tradition of social and political thought from the perspective of ‘recognition,’ and shall inquire into the destabilization of that tradition in the 20th century. In the first term, we shall examine a number of central texts from the 19th century, all of which have had an enduring influence on the history of political thought; in the second term, we shall turn our attention to branching developments in the 20th century, many of which are responding to the waning of the modern tradition.