This course will concentrate on some of feminism’s most challenging voices, those that emerged from France at the end of the last century Kristeva, Cixous and Irigaray. The course will attempt to illuminate the intellectual background against which these women write, particularly in the areas of linguistic and anthropological structuralism, and in psychoanalytic theory. The course will be organized in part by the historical evolution of feminist thought, in part by the consideration of central feminist concerns.