On the basis of a wide range of technologies of vision such as camera obscura, stereoscopes, and virtual reality, this course focuses on the ways in which artistic methods and applied science have contributed to our changing understanding of perception. By examining ground-breaking developments in the theorization of vision in art, philosophy, and science from the 15th to the 21st century, we will delve into images and optical technologies that replicate, lure, contort, or augment vision. Readings will range from early modern texts on optics to twentieth-century philosophies of vision and phenomenology. Ultimately, this course asks: what does it mean to “fool the eye”?